Understanding Spyware and Knowing How It Can Steal Sensitive Information!
The programs or the codes that secretively record whatever you do on your computers are called spyware. They can also be used for some legal purposes, but most of the times, they are created for wrong reasons. The common aim of these codes is to copy bank credentials, passwords, credit card and debit card details and pass them to fraudsters through the medium of Internet. Spyware is more of a generic term used for codes that contain the functionality of secretly monitoring a person’s activities on his/her computer.
The Main Aim of Spyware
Some of the oldest spyware were used for doing little more than regular reporting to their authors every time the program was executed. It was used as one of the marketing tools for monitoring usage for different licensing purposes. And, the saga continues, but most of these codes today are used mainly created for stealing confidential information such as passwords and usernames of banking accounts, credentials of social networking websites, online games and email accounts. Usually people don’t realize that their system has one of these malicious spyware running and stealing their personal data. The reason behind this is that these codes work very silently. These are often distributed in form of freeware or shareware with the least possible license restrictions for trapping as many computers as possible.
How to Protect Your Data
There are a numbers of that can help your protect your data from spyware. First things first – do not unwittingly get it installed yourself. Many shareware websites test their programs and promise guarantees that the archives don’t have any spyware. You need to make right decisions here.
Only use the reputed websites as they have a lot on stake, so they can be easily relied upon. So, only download files from well-known websites and not from lesser known ones, no matter how many freebies you’re being offered.
Install an Anti-Spyware on Your System
You can also choose to have one of the anti-spyware tools installed on your system. There are many high quality tools available and some of them are freeware as well. These tools keep updating themselves to stay one step ahead of these
spyware. Few of them can easily run in your computer’s background without even slowing you do and they do a great job as well.
Beware of Free Anti-Viruses!
Yet another thing to be careful about is that there are some malicious programs that easily masquerade into our computers as anti-virus and anti-spyware tools. These programs are normally promoted through spam emails and at times even through phone calls; these are extremely dangerous and normally used for extortion purposes. These either encrypt the hard drive so that the data is not readable or the keep popping nagging windows that don’t allow you to work. Then they ask for a ransom to go back but without giving any guarantees that after you pay the issues will be fixed.
By avoiding downloading files or not visiting unpopular, black listed or unknown websites attacks of spyware can be avoided to a great extent.